The RBC Peshawar was inaugurated on November 9, 2016, with more than 250 people in attendance including heads of education & health departments, health professionals and blood donor organizations. A delegation from the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the German Embassy also attended. RBC Peshawar is the only public sector blood center in KP which is equipped with state of the art, international standard blood screening facilities. It provides free of cost blood & blood components to six public sector Hospitals in Peshawar including Lady Reading Hospital, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Institute of Kidney Diseases, Maternity Hospital, and Naseerullah Baber Hospital Peshawar. The Peshawar Blood Center is one of the 10 RBCs developed by the German government as part of the first phase of establishing of a nationwide network of 10 modern blood centers and an up-grade of 60 existing hospital based blood banks nationwide.
The population of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) is 26.8 million and has a land area of 74,521 km2 . KP is divided into 25 districts. There are 20 settled area districts and 5 Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (PATA) districts. Peshawar is the provincial capital. There are 1,607 health facilities in KP with 30,188 personnel. Many hospital-based and standalone blood banks are operate in the province. The public sector blood banks are 35 while 68 blood banks exist in the private/NGO sector. Until recently, the blood transfusion sector operated under the NWFP Transfusion of Safe Blood Act 1999.
However, in October 2016, the provincial government passed the Blood Transfusion Safety Authority Bill 2016, to regulate the collection, testing, processing and storage of blood and blood components as well as the rational use of safe blood and its products including plasma free from viruses in public and private sectors and to establish regulatory authority for it. Details of health facilities including Blood Transfusion Services in other divisions are not complete. KP is also providing health facilities to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) now merged in the province. The burden on the blood transfusion services in the province due to the security situation, medical tourism from Afghanistan, routine trauma cases, and high prevalence of thalassaemia. The budget of the provincial PC-1 was PKR 190.17 million for the SBTP Phase I. In Phase I, RBC Peshawar had been constructed at the Hayatabad Medical Complex with a capacity of collecting at least 50,000 blood donations per year and is linked to 6 existing HBBs of Peshawar. The Phase II budget is PKR 713.368 million in which RBCs are planned for Abbottabad, Swat, and D.I. Khan along with upgradation of the attached existing hospital blood banks.