Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan, covering 44%
of the country’s area (347,190 km2) and
has a population of 12 million. The Balochistan Health Department has 553 Basic
Health Units and 89 Rural Health Centers. It also operates 89 Maternal Child
Health Care Centers to provide health services to the scattered population of
the province. The provincial capital, Quetta has five public sector hospitals;
Bolan Medical Complex, Civil Hospital, Fatima Jinnah Chest & General
Hospital, Helper’s Eyes Hospital and Sheikh Khalifah Bin Zayed Hospital. Blood
banks exist in the large public hospitals as well as in the private and NGO
sector in hospitals and as stand alone blood banks as well as in miscellaneous settings.
The number of blood centers is estimated to be 120 which collect approximately 100,000
blood donations every year.
Government of Pakistan with support from Government of Germany initiated the process of restructuring the blood transfusion system in the country including Balochistan in 2010. The Phase I PC-1 of the province was worth 296.84 million (FEC 77.95 million, LC 219.64 million). In the Phase I of the project, one large modern RBC was developed in Quetta and 6 existing HBBs in Quetta and nearby areas were upgraded and equipped through the German government grant. This infrastructure is now functional and is providing much improved services and safety standards. In the current Phase II of the project 3 blood centers and NGOs are being supported by the German grant and 3 HBBs being upgraded by the provincial funding. The Phase II PC-1 is worth 343.30 million (FEC 42.70, LC _300.600 million).
Blood Centre is serving as blood procurement and distribution centre, ensuring
quality systems to regulate all activities. Another important role being
performed by the Centre is to mobilize voluntary blood donors, collect blood
donations and conduct processing, screening, testing, component preparation and
storage. The RBC supplies blood and blood components to the linked hospital
blood banks which are performing the function of storage, compatibility
testing, haemovigilance, and issuance to the wards.
The VNRBD activities in the RBCs are
becoming very frequent and gaining momentum. Regular mobile camps are being
organized and ‘walk-in donors’ are increasing in numbers. The reliance on
family replacement donors is gradually decreasing and the concept of VNRBD is
being promoted through blood camps, seminars and other promotional
Capacity building is a continuous
priority of the Programme. Since the operationalization of the RBCs, the new
infrastructure has become the hub of training activities. SBTP in collaboration
with RBC has organized a number of training activities for all the different
levels of workers in the RBCs. The highlight of the workshops has remained the
evident enthusiasm of the participants who are always most eager to learn and
willing to concentrate for long hours every day in the workshop to enhance
their professional skills and knowledge.